Summary

The second article in a series discussing the creation of a PSoC 6 + CYW43xxx Advertising Scanner using the AnyCloud SDK.  This article will use the learning from Part 1 to create a template project that starts the BLE stack.

Story

In the previous article I discussed the structure of the Cypress/Infineon Bluetooth Stack and its integration into AnyCloud.  A bunch of “theory”, well I say BS to that.  Let’s build something.

There are

Article Topic
AnyCloud Bluetooth Advertising Scanner (Part 1) Introduction to AnyCloud Bluetooth Advertising
AnyCloud Bluetooth Advertising Scanner (Part 2) Creating an AnyCloud Bluetooth project
AnyCloud Bluetooth Advertising Scanner (Part 3) Adding Observing functionality to the project
AnyCloud Bluetooth Utilities Library A set of APIs for enhancement of the AnyCloud Library
AnyCloud Bluetooth Advertising Scanner (Part 4) Adding a command line to the scanner
AnyCloud Bluetooth Advertising Scanner (Part 5) Adding a history database to the scanner
AnyCloud Bluetooth Advertising Scanner (Part 6) Decoding advertising packets
AnyCloud Bluetooth Advertising Scanner (Part 7) Adding recording commands to the command line
AnyCloud Bluetooth Advertising Scanner (Part 8) Adding filtering to the scanner
AnyCloud Bluetooth Advertising Scanner (Part 9) Improve the print and add packet age
AnyCloud Bluetooth Advertising Scanner (Part 10) Sort the database

All of the code can be found at git@github.com:iotexpert/AnyCloudBLEScanner.git and https://github.com/iotexpert/AnyCloudBLEScanner.git

There are git tags in place starting at part 5 so that you can look at just that version of the code.  "git tag" to list the tags.  And "git checkout part6" to look at the part 6 version of the code.

You can also create a new project with this is a template if you have the IoT Expert Manifest Files installed

Recall from Part 1 that you need three things to startup the Bluetooth Stack

  • The Hardware Configuration Structure that matches : cybt_platform_config_t
  • The Bluetooth Stack Configuration Structure that matches : wiced_bt_cfg_settings_t
  • The Bluetooth Management Callback that matches : typedef wiced_result_t (wiced_bt_management_cback_t) (wiced_bt_management_evt_t event, wiced_bt_management_evt_data_t *p_event_data);

Then you need to call

  • The hardware initialization function : cybt_platform_config_init
  • The stack initialization function : wiced_bt_stack_init

Ok let’s do this!

Basic Project

You can do all of these steps from the Eclipse IDE for ModusToolbox.  Or you can do it from the individual programs and the command line.  I like Visual Studio code, so this article will be done completely from the command line and individual configurators.

Run the new project creator from the start menu.  Start by creating a project for the development kit that you have, in my case the one currently plugged into my computer is the CY8CKIT-062S2-43012, so that is what I pick.  But, this project will work with any of the WiFI/BT combo chips attached to PSoC 6.

In previous articles I discussed the template that I use to get things going with FreeRTOS.  I won’t discuss that here, but I want FreeRTOS and the NTShell, so pick the IoT Expert FreeRTOS NTShell Template.

After about a minute you should have a project.  I always like to build the project to make sure that everything is working before I get too far down the road of modifying anything.  Run “make -j build”

arh (master) AnyCloudBLEScanner $ make -j build
Tools Directory: /Applications/ModusToolbox/tools_2.2
CY8CKIT-062S2-43012.mk: ../mtb_shared/TARGET_CY8CKIT-062S2-43012/latest-v2.X/CY8CKIT-062S2-43012.mk
Prebuild operations complete
Commencing build operations...
Tools Directory: /Applications/ModusToolbox/tools_2.2
CY8CKIT-062S2-43012.mk: ../mtb_shared/TARGET_CY8CKIT-062S2-43012/latest-v2.X/CY8CKIT-062S2-43012.mk
Initializing build: MTBShellTemplate Debug CY8CKIT-062S2-43012 GCC_ARM
Auto-discovery in progress...
-> Found 205 .c file(s)
-> Found 46 .S file(s)
-> Found 23 .s file(s)
-> Found 0 .cpp file(s)
-> Found 0 .o file(s)
-> Found 6 .a file(s)
-> Found 503 .h file(s)
-> Found 0 .hpp file(s)
-> Found 0 resource file(s)
Applying filters...
Auto-discovery complete
Constructing build rules...
Build rules construction complete
==============================================================================
= Building application =
==============================================================================
Generating compilation database file...
-> ./build/compile_commands.json
Compilation database file generation complete
Building 193 file(s)
Compiling app file lowPower.c
Compiling app file main.c
Compiling app file usrcmd.c
Compiling ext file startup_psoc6_02_cm4.S
..... a bunch of lines deleted
Compiling ext file psoc6_01_cm0p_sleep.c
Compiling ext file psoc6_02_cm0p_sleep.c
Compiling ext file psoc6_03_cm0p_sleep.c
Compiling ext file psoc6_04_cm0p_sleep.c
Compiling ext file cy_retarget_io.c
Linking output file MTBShellTemplate.elf
==============================================================================
= Build complete =
==============================================================================
Calculating memory consumption: CY8C624ABZI-S2D44 GCC_ARM -Og
---------------------------------------------------- 
| Section Name         |  Address      |  Size       | 
---------------------------------------------------- 
| .cy_m0p_image        |  0x10000000   |  6044       | 
| .text                |  0x10002000   |  54876      | 
| .ARM.exidx           |  0x1000f65c   |  8          | 
| .copy.table          |  0x1000f664   |  24         | 
| .zero.table          |  0x1000f67c   |  8          | 
| .data                |  0x080022e0   |  1688       | 
| .cy_sharedmem        |  0x08002978   |  8          | 
| .noinit              |  0x08002980   |  148        | 
| .bss                 |  0x08002a14   |  2136       | 
| .heap                |  0x08003270   |  1029520    | 
---------------------------------------------------- 
Total Internal Flash (Available)          2097152    
Total Internal Flash (Utilized)           64812      
Total Internal SRAM (Available)           1046528    
Total Internal SRAM (Utilized with heap)  1033500    

Then to be sure it is working, program the development kit.

arh (master) AnyCloudBLEScanner $ make program
Tools Directory: /Applications/ModusToolbox/tools_2.2
CY8CKIT-062S2-43012.mk: ../mtb_shared/TARGET_CY8CKIT-062S2-43012/latest-v2.X/CY8CKIT-062S2-43012.mk
Prebuild operations complete
Commencing build operations...
Tools Directory: /Applications/ModusToolbox/tools_2.2
CY8CKIT-062S2-43012.mk: ../mtb_shared/TARGET_CY8CKIT-062S2-43012/latest-v2.X/CY8CKIT-062S2-43012.mk
Initializing build: MTBShellTemplate Debug CY8CKIT-062S2-43012 GCC_ARM
Auto-discovery in progress...
-> Found 205 .c file(s)
-> Found 46 .S file(s)
-> Found 23 .s file(s)
-> Found 0 .cpp file(s)
-> Found 0 .o file(s)
-> Found 6 .a file(s)
-> Found 503 .h file(s)
-> Found 0 .hpp file(s)
-> Found 0 resource file(s)
Applying filters...
Auto-discovery complete
Constructing build rules...
Build rules construction complete
==============================================================================
= Building application =
==============================================================================
Generating compilation database file...
-> ./build/compile_commands.json
Compilation database file generation complete
Building 193 file(s)
==============================================================================
= Build complete =
==============================================================================
Calculating memory consumption: CY8C624ABZI-S2D44 GCC_ARM -Og
---------------------------------------------------- 
| Section Name         |  Address      |  Size       | 
---------------------------------------------------- 
| .cy_m0p_image        |  0x10000000   |  6044       | 
| .text                |  0x10002000   |  54876      | 
| .ARM.exidx           |  0x1000f65c   |  8          | 
| .copy.table          |  0x1000f664   |  24         | 
| .zero.table          |  0x1000f67c   |  8          | 
| .data                |  0x080022e0   |  1688       | 
| .cy_sharedmem        |  0x08002978   |  8          | 
| .noinit              |  0x08002980   |  148        | 
| .bss                 |  0x08002a14   |  2136       | 
| .heap                |  0x08003270   |  1029520    | 
---------------------------------------------------- 
Total Internal Flash (Available)          2097152    
Total Internal Flash (Utilized)           64812      
Total Internal SRAM (Available)           1046528    
Total Internal SRAM (Utilized with heap)  1033500    
Programming target device... 
Open On-Chip Debugger 0.10.0+dev-4.1.0.1058 (2020-08-11-03:45)
Licensed under GNU GPL v2
For bug reports, read
http://openocd.org/doc/doxygen/bugs.html
Info : auto-selecting first available session transport "swd". To override use 'transport select <transport>'.
adapter speed: 2000 kHz
adapter srst delay: 25
adapter srst pulse_width: 25
** Auto-acquire enabled, use "set ENABLE_ACQUIRE 0" to disable
cortex_m reset_config sysresetreq
cortex_m reset_config sysresetreq
Info : Using CMSIS loader 'CY8C6xxA_SMIF' for bank 'psoc6_smif0_cm0' (footprint 14672 bytes)
Warn : SFlash programming allowed for regions: USER, TOC, KEY
Info : CMSIS-DAP: SWD  Supported
Info : CMSIS-DAP: FW Version = 2.0.0
Info : CMSIS-DAP: Interface Initialised (SWD)
Info : SWCLK/TCK = 1 SWDIO/TMS = 1 TDI = 0 TDO = 0 nTRST = 0 nRESET = 1
Info : CMSIS-DAP: Interface ready
Info : KitProg3: FW version: 1.14.514
Info : KitProg3: Pipelined transfers disabled, please update the firmware
Info : VTarget = 3.215 V
Info : kitprog3: acquiring the device...
Info : clock speed 2000 kHz
Info : SWD DPIDR 0x6ba02477
Info : psoc6.cpu.cm0: hardware has 4 breakpoints, 2 watchpoints
***************************************
** Silicon: 0xE453, Family: 0x102, Rev.: 0x12 (A1)
** Detected Device: CY8C624ABZI-S2D44
** Detected Main Flash size, kb: 2048
** Flash Boot version: 3.1.0.378
** Chip Protection: NORMAL
***************************************
Info : psoc6.cpu.cm4: hardware has 6 breakpoints, 4 watchpoints
Info : starting gdb server for psoc6.cpu.cm0 on 3333
Info : Listening on port 3333 for gdb connections
Info : starting gdb server for psoc6.cpu.cm4 on 3334
Info : Listening on port 3334 for gdb connections
Info : SWD DPIDR 0x6ba02477
Info : kitprog3: acquiring the device...
psoc6.cpu.cm0 halted due to debug-request, current mode: Thread 
xPSR: 0x41000000 pc: 0x00000190 msp: 0x080ff800
** Device acquired successfully
** psoc6.cpu.cm4: Ran after reset and before halt...
psoc6.cpu.cm4 halted due to debug-request, current mode: Thread 
xPSR: 0x01000000 pc: 0x0000012a msp: 0x080ff800
** Programming Started **
auto erase enabled
Info : Flash write discontinued at 0x1000179c, next section at 0x10002000
Info : Padding image section 0 at 0x1000179c with 100 bytes (bank write end alignment)
[100%] [################################] [ Erasing     ]
[100%] [################################] [ Programming ]
Info : Padding image section 1 at 0x1000fd24 with 220 bytes (bank write end alignment)
[100%] [################################] [ Erasing     ]
[100%] [################################] [ Programming ]
wrote 62976 bytes from file /Users/arh/mtw/AnyCloudBLEScanner/build/CY8CKIT-062S2-43012/Debug/MTBShellTemplate.hex in 2.069358s (29.719 KiB/s)
** Programming Finished **
** Verify Started **
verified 62656 bytes in 0.122208s (500.683 KiB/s)
** Verified OK **
** Resetting Target **
Info : SWD DPIDR 0x6ba02477
shutdown command invoked
Info : psoc6.dap: powering down debug domain...
arh (master) AnyCloudBLEScanner $

When that is done, open up a terminal window and you should have a functioning base project.  Notice that I ran “help” and “tasks” from the command shell.

Now that we have a basic project working, add the Bluetooth libraries.  Run the library manager by typing “make modlibs”.  Then select “bluetooth-freertos” and the library manager will automatically select the other libraries you need.  Press Update then Close.

Next, run the bluetooth configurator by running “make config_bt”  This tool will help you make the bluetooth stack configuration structure.  When the configurator starts, press “New”

Then select our device (the PSoC 6 and the Combo chip)

Click on the “GAP Settings”.  Then press the Plus and add “Observer configuration”

Then setup the scan settings (more detail on these numbers in the next article)

  • Low duty scan window (ms) = 60
  • Low duty scan interval (ms) = 60
  • Low duty scan timeout = deselected (meaning no timeout)

Then save your configuration file.  Notice that I called it “btconfig”

When you are done you will have a directory called “GeneratedSource” inside of your project with the needed files.

The next step is to fix up the Makefile.  I like changing the name of the “App”.

# Name of application (used to derive name of final linked file).
APPNAME=AnyCloudBLEScanner

Then you need the “FREERTOS WICED_BLE” components.

# Enable optional code that is ordinarily disabled by default.
#
# Available components depend on the specific targeted hardware and firmware
# in use. In general, if you have
#
#    COMPONENTS=foo bar
#
# ... then code in directories named COMPONENT_foo and COMPONENT_bar will be
# added to the build
#
COMPONENTS=FREERTOS WICED_BLE

If you run make vscode it will update the workspace with all of the stuff needed for Visual Studio Code to be able to find all of the files.

arh (master) AnyCloudBLEScanner $ make vscode
Tools Directory: /Applications/ModusToolbox/tools_2.2
CY8CKIT-062S2-43012.mk: ../mtb_shared/TARGET_CY8CKIT-062S2-43012/latest-v2.X/CY8CKIT-062S2-43012.mk
Prebuild operations complete
Commencing build operations...
Tools Directory: /Applications/ModusToolbox/tools_2.2
CY8CKIT-062S2-43012.mk: ../mtb_shared/TARGET_CY8CKIT-062S2-43012/latest-v2.X/CY8CKIT-062S2-43012.mk
Initializing build: MTBShellTemplate Debug CY8CKIT-062S2-43012 GCC_ARM
Auto-discovery in progress...
-> Found 230 .c file(s)
-> Found 46 .S file(s)
-> Found 23 .s file(s)
-> Found 0 .cpp file(s)
-> Found 0 .o file(s)
-> Found 22 .a file(s)
-> Found 561 .h file(s)
-> Found 0 .hpp file(s)
-> Found 0 resource file(s)
Applying filters...
Auto-discovery complete
Constructing build rules...
Build rules construction complete
==============================================================================
= Generating IDE files =
==============================================================================
==============================================================================
= Building application =
==============================================================================
Generating compilation database file...
-> ./build/compile_commands.json
Compilation database file generation complete
echo "The existing MTBShellTemplate.code-workspace file has been saved to .vscode/backup";
The existing MTBShellTemplate.code-workspace file has been saved to .vscode/backup
The existing c_cpp_properties.json file has been saved to .vscode/backup
The existing launch.json file has been saved to .vscode/backup
Modifying existing settings.json file. Check against the backup copy in .vscode/backup
The existing tasks.json file has been saved to .vscode/backup
Generated Visual Studio Code files: c_cpp_properties.json launch.json openocd.tcl settings.json tasks.json
J-Link users, please see the comments at the top of the launch.json
file about setting the location of the gdb-server.
Instructions:
1. Review the modustoolbox.toolsPath property in .vscode/settings.json
2. Open VSCode
3. Install "C/C++" and "Cortex-Debug" extensions
4. File->Open Folder (Welcome page->Start->Open folder)
5. Select the app root directory and open
6. Builds: Terminal->Run Task
7. Debugging: "Bug icon" on the left-hand pane
arh (master) AnyCloudBLEScanner $

Inside of Visual Studio Code, create a new file called “bt_platform_cfg_settings.h” and add:

#include "cybt_platform_config.h"
#include "cybsp.h"
#include "wiced_bt_stack.h"
extern const cybt_platform_config_t bt_platform_cfg_settings;

Inside of Visual Studio Code, create a new file called “bt_platform_cfg_settings.c” and add:

#include "cybt_platform_config.h"
#include "cybsp.h"
#include "wiced_bt_stack.h"
const cybt_platform_config_t bt_platform_cfg_settings =
{
.hci_config =
{
.hci_transport = CYBT_HCI_UART,
.hci =
{
.hci_uart =
{
.uart_tx_pin = CYBSP_BT_UART_TX,
.uart_rx_pin = CYBSP_BT_UART_RX,
.uart_rts_pin = CYBSP_BT_UART_RTS,
.uart_cts_pin = CYBSP_BT_UART_CTS,
.baud_rate_for_fw_download = 115200,
.baud_rate_for_feature     = 115200,
.data_bits = 8,
.stop_bits = 1,
.parity = CYHAL_UART_PARITY_NONE,
.flow_control = WICED_TRUE
}
}
},
.controller_config =
{
.bt_power_pin      = CYBSP_BT_POWER,
.sleep_mode =
{
#if (bt_0_power_0_ENABLED == 1) /* BT Power control is enabled in the LPA */
#if (CYCFG_BT_LP_ENABLED == 1) /* Low power is enabled in the LPA, use the LPA configuration */
.sleep_mode_enabled = true,
.device_wakeup_pin = CYCFG_BT_DEV_WAKE_GPIO,
.host_wakeup_pin = CYCFG_BT_HOST_WAKE_GPIO,
.device_wake_polarity = CYCFG_BT_DEV_WAKE_POLARITY,
.host_wake_polarity = CYCFG_BT_HOST_WAKE_IRQ_EVENT
#else /* Low power is disabled in the LPA, disable low power */
.sleep_mode_enabled = false
#endif
#else /* BT Power control is disabled in the LPA – default to BSP low power configuration */
.sleep_mode_enabled = true,
.device_wakeup_pin = CYBSP_BT_DEVICE_WAKE,
.host_wakeup_pin = CYBSP_BT_HOST_WAKE,
.device_wake_polarity = CYBT_WAKE_ACTIVE_LOW,
.host_wake_polarity = CYBT_WAKE_ACTIVE_LOW
#endif
}
},
.task_mem_pool_size    = 2048
};

Inside of Visual Studio Code, create bluetoothManager.h.  Remember this is the Bluetooth Stack Management Callback

#pragma once
#include "wiced_bt_stack.h"
#include "wiced_bt_dev.h"
wiced_result_t app_bt_management_callback(wiced_bt_management_evt_t event, wiced_bt_management_evt_data_t *p_event_data);

Inside of Visual Studio code, create bluetoothManager.c.  This function does a whole lotta nothin… except saying that things got started.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "cybsp.h"
#include "FreeRTOS.h"
#include "bluetoothManager.h"
#include "wiced_bt_stack.h"
#include "wiced_bt_dev.h"
#include "wiced_bt_trace.h"
/**************************************************************************************************
* Function Name: app_bt_management_callback()
***************************************************************************************************
* Summary:
*   This is a Bluetooth stack event handler function to receive management events from
*   the BLE stack and process as per the application.
*
* Parameters:
*   wiced_bt_management_evt_t event             : BLE event code of one byte length
*   wiced_bt_management_evt_data_t *p_event_data: Pointer to BLE management event structures
*
* Return:
*  wiced_result_t: Error code from WICED_RESULT_LIST or BT_RESULT_LIST
*
*************************************************************************************************/
wiced_result_t app_bt_management_callback(wiced_bt_management_evt_t event, wiced_bt_management_evt_data_t *p_event_data)
{
wiced_result_t result = WICED_BT_SUCCESS;
switch (event)
{
case BTM_ENABLED_EVT:
if (WICED_BT_SUCCESS == p_event_data->enabled.status)
{
printf("Started BT Stack Succesfully\n");
}
else
{
printf("Error enabling BTM_ENABLED_EVENT\n");
}
break;
default:
printf("Unhandled Bluetooth Management Event: 0x%x\n", event);
break;
}
return result;
}

Next, update main.c with the required includes.

#include "bluetoothManager.h"
#include "cycfg_bt_settings.h"
#include "bt_platform_cfg_settings.h"

Then update main.c to start the stack

    cybt_platform_config_init(&bt_platform_cfg_settings);
wiced_bt_stack_init (app_bt_management_callback, &wiced_bt_cfg_settings);

Now build and program it, remember “make -j build” and “make program”.  Look, we have a functioning stack with the two bluetooth thread running.

In the next article Ill finally get around to building the Bluetooth Scanner.

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